Uses of modals



Shall and Will

  • To express simple future , shall is used in the first person and will in the second and third persons; as,

    1. I shall go to America. (Simple future)
    2. You will go to England. (Simple future)
    3. He will write a letter. (Simple future)
  • Shall with the second or third person expresses a command, a promise, a threat, a determination or certainty; as,

    1. You shall not tell a lie. (Command)
    2. They shall pay you on sunday. (Promise)
    3. You shall be dismissed. (Threat)
    4. You shall go there. (Determination)
  • Will with the first person expresses a promise, a threat or a determination; as,

    1. I will pay you on sunday. (Promise)
    2. We will be dismissed. (Threat)
    3. I will do or die. (determination)


Would and Should


Would is used :

  • To express polite request; as,

    1. Would you lend me some money?
    2. Would you send me a mobile?

Should is used :

  • To express duty; as,

    1. One should love one's country.
    2. One should obey one's elders..
  • To express probability; as,

    1. She should be playing now.
    2.  Should you work hard, you will pass.
  • To express advice; as,

    1. You should improve your health.
    2. You Should work hard.



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