Present Tense


The present tense indicates that the action is done at the present time. Present tense usually refers to present time but it can also be used to describe past and future events.


Look at the following examples:

  1. I write a letter. (present event)
  2. She leaves for England next month. (future event)
  3. He is coming on next Monday. (future event)
  4. Napoleon now marches on Moscow. (past event)
    (This is called the historical present or historic present. In the historical present, the present tense is used to narrate events that occurred in the past )





Kinds of present tense



There are four kinds of present tense.

  1. Present simple tense or Present Indefinite.
  2. Present continuous tense or Present progressive.
  3. Present perfect tense
  4. Present Perfect continuous tense



Present simple tense

The simple present tense in English is used to describe an action that is habitual, fact or universal truth.


Present continuous tense

The present continuous tense is used to express an action that is still going on.


Present perfect tense

The present perfect tense is used to express an action completed just now.


Present perfect continuous tense

It is used to express a continued or ongoing action that started in past and is still ongoing..





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Related topics:


Present Tense

  1. Present simple tense
  2. Present continuous tense
  3. Present perfect tense
  4. Present Perfect continuous tense

Past Tense

  1. Past simple tense
  2. Past continuous tense
  3. Past perfect tense
  4. Past Perfect continuous tense

Future Tense

  1. Future simple tense
  2. Future continuous tense
  3. Future perfect tense
  4. Future Perfect continuous tense