Present simple tense




The simple present tense is used:

  • To express an action that takes place at the present moment; as,

    1. He reads a book.
    2. John sings a song.
  • To express universal truth and fact; as,

    1. The sun rises in the east. (universal truth)
    2. The earth revolves round the sun. (universal truth)
    3. Beijing is the capital of China. (fact)
  • To express habitual action; as,

    1. I get up early in the morning.
    2. we play cricket in the evening.
  • To express a future planned event which is already arranged; as,

    1. I go to London next week.
    2. The college closes on the 15th.
  • To express a past event, in order to make the description more real and graphic; as,

    1. Napoleon now marches on Moscow. (Historic present)
    2. Alexander brings a large army to attack India. (Historic present)

Note. In the historical present or historic present, the present tense is used to narrate events that occured in the past.


The present simple tense is one of four Present tenses. They are Present simple tense, Present continuous tense, Present perfect tense and Present Perfect continuous tense.








How to make the present simple




Positive (Present Simple)

Present simple sentences, have the following structure :

  • Subject + main verb + Object.
  • Subject + Ist form of verb (s or es ) + Object.

For examples:


Subject

I

He

You

Ist form of verb (s or es )

eat

plays

play

Object

an apple.

cricket.

cricket.



REMEMBER

(SINGULAR AND PLURAL PRONOUNS)


Person

1st Person

2nd Person

3rd Person

Singular

I

you

he, she, it

Plural

we.

you.

they.




If the subject is the third person singular number, 's' or 'es' is added to the first form of verb in present simple tense; as,

  1. John goes to school.
  2. He plays cricket.
  3. She writes a letter.

Negative (Present Simple)

Present simple negative sentences, have the following structure :

  • Subject + auxiliary verb+ not + main verb + Object.
  • Subject + do/does + not + Ist form of verb + Object.

For examples:

  1. John does not go to school.
  2. He does not play cricket.
  3. I do not eat an apple.

REMEMBER

Rules: For present simple negative sentences:

  • Auxiliary verbdo or does” along with “not” is used.
  • 'Do not' is used with; I, We, You, They, or any plural noun.
  • 'Does not' is used with; He, She, It, name, or any singular number third person subject.
  • 'S' or 'es' is not added to main verb in negative sentence.


Interrogative (Present Simple)

Present simple interrogative sentences, have the following structure :

  • auxiliary verb + Subject + main verb + Object?
  • Do/Does + Subject + Ist form of verb + Object?

For examples:

  1. Does John go to school?
  2. Does he play cricket?
  3. Do you eat an apple?

REMEMBER

Rules:  For present simple interrogative sentences:

  • 'Do' is used with; I, We, You, They, or any plural noun.
  • 'Does' is used with; He, She, It, name, or any singular number third person subject.
  • 'S' or 'es' is not added to main verb in interrogative sentence.


Interrogative negative (Present simple)

Present simple interrogative negative sentences, have the following structure :

  • auxiliary verb + Subject + not + main verb + Object?
  • Do/Does + Subject + not + Ist form of verb + Object?

For examples:

  1. Does John not go to school?
  2. Does he not play cricket?
  3. Do you not eat an apple?




NEXT --- Present continuous tense

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Related topics:


Present Tense

  1. Present simple tense
  2. Present continuous tense
  3. Present perfect tense
  4. Present Perfect continuous tense

Past Tense

  1. Past simple tense
  2. Past continuous tense
  3. Past perfect tense
  4. Past Perfect continuous tense

Future Tense

  1. Future simple tense
  2. Future continuous tense
  3. Future perfect tense
  4. Future Perfect continuous tense