Present Perfect continuous tense



It is used to express a continued or ongoing action that started in past and is still ongoing.

In present perfect continuous tense the time of beginning of the action is mentioned by the word 'since' or 'for'. We use 'for' with a period of time while 'since' is used to express a point of time.




Look at the following examples:

  1. She has been playing since morning.
    (It means that she is still playing.)
  2. He has been sleeping for two hours.
    (It means that he is still sleeping.)


Note. When there is no reference of any, point of time or period of time, we use present continuous tense. 


The present perfect continuous tense is one of four Present tenses. They are Present simple tense, Present continuous tense, Present perfect tense and Present Perfect continuous tense.







How to make the present perfect continuous




Positive (Present perfect continuous)

Present perfect continuous sentences, have the following structure :

  • Subject + auxiliary verb + main verb (Present participle) +.........+ since/for +.....
  • Subject + has been/have been + Ist form of verb + ing +..........+ since/for +.....

For examples:

  1. We have been waiting for you since Monday.
  2. They have been playing cricket for two hours.
  3. He has been sleeping for three hours.

REMEMBER

Rules:  For present perfect continuous sentences:

  • Auxiliary verb "has been" or "have been" is used after the subject.
  • "Has been" is used with He, She, It, name or any singular noun.
  • "Have been" is used with I, We, You, They or any plural noun.

Use of Since or For:

  • "For" is used to express period of time; as, morning, evening, etc.
  • "Since" is used to denote point of time; as, some time, hours, months, etc.





Negative (Present perfect continuous)

Present perfect continuous negative sentences, have the following structure  :

  • Subject + auxiliary verb + not + auxiliay verb + main verb (Present participle) +........+ since/for +.....
  • Subject + has/have + not + been + Ist form of verb + ing +..........+ since/for +.....

For examples:

  1. We have not been waiting for you since Monday.
  2. They have not been playing cricket for two hours.
  3. He has not been sleeping for three hours.


Interrogative (Present perfect continuous)

Present perfect continuous interrogative sentences, have the following structure :

  • Auxiliary verb + Subject + auxiliary verb + main verb (Present participle) +........+ since/for +....?
  • Has/Have + Subject + been + Ist form of verb + ing +........+ since/for +....?

For examples:

  1. Have we been waiting for you since Monday?
  2. Have they been playing cricket for two hours?
  3. Has he been sleeping for three hours?

Interrogative negative (Present perfect continuous)

Present perfect continuous interrogative negative sentences, have the following structure:

  • Auxiliary verb + Subject + not + auxiliary verb + main verb (Present participle) +........+ since/for +....?
  • Has/Have + Subject + not + been + Ist form of verb + ing +........+ since/for +....?

For examples:

  1. Have we not been waiting for you since Monday?
  2. Have they not been playing cricket for two hours?
  3. Has he not been sleeping for three hours?




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Related topics:


Present Tense

  1. Present simple tense
  2. Present continuous tense
  3. Present perfect tense
  4. Present Perfect continuous tense

Past Tense

  1. Past simple tense
  2. Past continuous tense
  3. Past perfect tense
  4. Past Perfect continuous tense

Future Tense

  1. Future simple tense
  2. Future continuous tense
  3. Future perfect tense
  4. Future Perfect continuous tense