Present continuous tense



present continuous tense is used:

  • To express an action that is still going on; as,

    1. I am writing a letter.
    2. He is playing cricket.
  • To express an action definitely planned for the near future; as,

    1. We are leaving for London tomorrow.
    2. John is arriving tomorrow.


The present continuous tense is one of four Present tenses. They are Present simple tense, Present continuous tense, Present perfect tense and Present Perfect continuous tense.







How to make the present continuous




Positive (Present continuous)

Present continuous sentences, have the following structure:

  • Subject + auxiliary verb + main verb (Present participle) + Object.
  • Subject + is/am/are + Ist form of verb + ing + Object.

For examples:

  1. We are going to school.
  2. He is playing cricket.
  3. I am writing a letter.

REMEMBER

Rules:  For present continuous sentences:

  • Auxiliary verb "is or am or are" is used after the subject.
  • If the subject is "I" then "am" is used after the subject.
  • If the subject is "He, She, It, name and any singular noun" then "is" is used after the subject.
  • If the subject is "We, You, They and any plural noun" then "are" is used after the subject.




Negative (Present continuous)

Present continuous negative sentences, have the following structure:

  • Subject + auxiliary verb + not + main verb (Present participle) + Object.
  • Subject + is/am/are + not + Ist form of verb + ing + Object.


For examples:

  1. We are not going to school.
  2. He is not playing cricket.
  3. I am not writing a letter.

Interrogative (Present continuous)

Present continuous interrogative sentences, have the following structure:

  • Auxiliary verb + Subject + main verb (present participle)+ Object?
  • Is/am/are + Subject + Ist form of verb + ing + Object?

For examples:

  1. Are we going to school?
  2. Is he playing cricket?
  3. Am I writing a letter?

Interrogative negative (Present continuous)

Present continuous interrogative negative sentences, have the following structure:

  • Auxiliary verb + Subject + not + main verb (present participle)+ Object?
  • Is/Am/Are + Subject + not + Ist form of verb + ing + Object?

For examples:

  1. Are we not going to school?
  2. Is he not playing cricket?
  3. Am I not writing a letter?




NEXT --- Present perfect tense

PREVIOUS --- Present simple tense

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Related topics:


Present Tense

  1. Present simple tense
  2. Present continuous tense
  3. Present perfect tense
  4. Present Perfect continuous tense

Past Tense

  1. Past simple tense
  2. Past continuous tense
  3. Past perfect tense
  4. Past Perfect continuous tense

Future Tense

  1. Future simple tense
  2. Future continuous tense
  3. Future perfect tense
  4. Future Perfect continuous tense