Future perfect tense



Future perfect tense denotes that an action will be completed at some point of time in future.



Look at the following examples:

  1. I shall have bathed by 7 A.M.
  2. She will have gone to market by 8 P.M.
  3. You will have gone to school.


The future perfect tense is one of four future tenses. They are future simple tense, future continuous tense, future perfect tense and future Perfect continuous tense.







How to make the future perfect




Positive (Future perfect)

Future perfect sentences, have the following structure:

  • Subject + auxiliary verb + main verb (Past participle) + Object.
  • Subject + will have/shall have + 3rd form of verb + Object.

For examples:

  1. You will have gone to school.
  2. He will have played cricket.
  3. I shall have written a letter.

REMEMBER

(SINGULAR AND PLURAL PRONOUNS)


Person

1st Person

2nd Person

3rd Person

Singular

I

you

he, she, it

Plural

we.

you.

they.


Rules:  For future perfect sentences:

  • Auxiliary verb "shall have" or "will have" is used after the subject.
  • 'Shall have' is used with 1st person.
  • 'Will have' is used with 2nd and 3rd person.







Negative (Future perfect)

Future perfect negative sentences, have the following structure:

  • Subject + auxiliary verb + not + auxiliary verb + main verb (Past participle) + Object.
  • Subject + will/shall + not + have + 3rd form of verb + Object.


For examples:

  1. You will not have gone to school.
  2. He will not have played cricket.
  3. I shall not have written a letter.

Interrogative (Future perfect)

Future perfect interrogative sentences, have the following structure:

  • Auxiliary verb + Subject + auxiliary verb+ main verb (past participle) + Object?
  • Will/Shall + Subject + have + 3rd form of verb + Object?

For examples:

  1. Will you have gone to school?
  2. Will he have played cricket?
  3. Shall I have written a letter?

Interrogative negative (Future perfect)

Future perfect interrogative negative sentences, have the following structure:

  • Auxiliary verb + Subject + not + auxiliary verb + main verb (past participle)+ Object?
  • Will/Shall + Subject + not + have + 3rd form of verb + Object?

For examples:

  1. Will you not have gone to school?
  2. Will he not have played cricket?
  3. Shall I not have written a letter?




NEXT --- Future Perfect continuous tense

PREVIOUS --- Future continuous tense

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Related topics:


Present Tense

  1. Present simple tense
  2. Present continuous tense
  3. Present perfect tense
  4. Present Perfect continuous tense

Past Tense

  1. Past simple tense
  2. Past continuous tense
  3. Past perfect tense
  4. Past Perfect continuous tense

Future Tense

  1. Future simple tense
  2. Future continuous tense
  3. Future perfect tense
  4. Future Perfect continuous tense