A pronoun is a word which is used in the place of noun. For example, instead of saying Jack is a postman, the pronoun he can be used in place of the noun Jack and the sentence becomes he is a postman.

Kinds of Pronoun

Pronouns are classified as per the follolwing :

  1. Personal Pronouns.
  2. Reflexive Pronouns.
  3. Relative Pronouns.
  4. Interrogative Pronouns.
  5. Demonstrative Pronouns.
  6. Indefinite Pronouns.
  7. Distributive Pronouns.

Personal Pronouns

Personal Pronouns refer persons or things. Personal pronouns stand for three persons;
First Person or the self (I, we, me, us, our, etc.);
Second Person or the person spoken to (you, thou, thee, thine, your, etc.);
Third Person or the person spoken about (he, she, it, they, him, them, her, etc.).

Examples of personal pronouns :

  1. I am a boy.
  2. We are girls.
  3. You are boys.
  4. He is a man.
  5. They are men.
  6. When she saw the child, it was playing.
  7. She has a cat. It is very beautiful.
  8. Here is your pen. Please take it.

Note : Pronoun 'It' is used for animals, young children and lifeless things;

Reflexive Pronouns

Reflexive Pronouns are formed by adding 'self' to my, your, him, her, it and 'selves' to our, your and them; as,
myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves and themselves

The reflexive pronouns turn back the action done by the subject; as,

  1. He hurt himself.
  2. You ruined yourself.
  3. The baby will hurt itself.
  4. We ruined ourselves.
  5. You will hurt yourselves.

Relative Pronouns

Relative Pronoun is a word that refers to a noun or a pronoun going before and joins two statements. The relative pronouns in English are which, that, who, whom and whose.

Examples of relative pronouns :

  1. The woman who is wearing black saree is a teacher.
  2. I have found the mobile which I lost yesterday.
  3. This is the book that she gave me.

Interrogative Pronouns

They are used for asking questions. The interrogative pronouns are who, whom, which, what, whose.

Examples of interrogative pronouns :

  1. Who is knocking at the door?
  2. What do you want?
  3. Whom are you searching?

Demonstrative Pronouns

The demonstrative Pronoun points out a noun to which it refers. The demonstrative pronouns are this, that, these, those. This and that refer to singular nouns and these and those refer to plural nouns.

Examples of demonstrative pronouns :

  1. This book belongs to Jack.
  2. These are my friends.
  3. That is a table.
  4. Those are tables.

Indefinite Pronouns

A pronoun that refers to person or thing in a general way ( not in a definite way ) is called indefinite pronoun. The indefinite pronouns are all, some, anybody/anyone, everything, one, etc.

Examples of indefinite pronouns :

  1. One of the boys will help you.
  2. All were drowned.
  3. Anybody can do it.
  4. Some passengers were injured.

Distributive Pronouns

Pronouns that refer to persons or things singly i.e., one at a time, are called distributive pronouns. The distributive pronouns are each, either, neither, etc.

Examples of distributive pronouns :

  1. Each got his turn.
  2. Either of the two will win the race.
  3. Neither of them was to blame.


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