NOUN-NUMBER



The number denotes whether we speak of one person or one object or more than that number.

There are two numbers :

  1. Singular number
  2. Plural number

Singular Number

A noun that denotes one person or thing is called the singular number.
Examples: River, Man, Boy, Chair, City, Pencil, etc.

Plural Number

A noun that denotes more than one person or thing is called plural number.
Examples: Rivers, Boys, Girl, Books, Pencils, etc.


Rules for making plurals


  1. The plural of nouns is generally formed by adding 's' to the singular; as,

    Boy becomes boys.
    Tree becomes trees.
    Bird becomes birds.

  2. Most nouns ending in 'o' also form the plural by adding 'es' to the singular; as,

    Mango becomes mangoes.
    Hero becomes heroes.
    Buffalo becomes buffaloes.

  3. A few nouns form their plural by changing internal vowels; as,

    Foot becomes feet.
    Mouse becomes mice.
    Tooth becomes teeth.

  4. Some nouns take 'en' after them to form plural; as,

    Ox becomes oxen.
    Child becomes children.
    Brother becomes brethren.

  5. While nouns ending in 's', 'sh', 'ch' or 'x' form plural by adding 'es' to the singular; as,

    Bus becomes buses.
    Bush becomes bushes.
    Bench becomes benches.
    Box becomes boxes.




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