Case denotes the relation of a noun or a pronoun to other words in a sentence.
In English, there are three cases :
Nominative Case or Subjective case.
Possessive Case or Genitive case.
When a noun is used as subject of the verb in a sentence, it is in nominative case.
For example :
John writes an essay.
John is the subject and in the nominative case.
When a noun is used as an object of the verb in a sentence, it is in objective case.
1. He eats an apple.
2. we play cricket.
3. I write a letter.
4. John cooks food.
apple, cricket, letter, food are the objects and in the objective case.
In the possessive case, a noun shows possession or ownership.
For examples :
Singular noun takes apostraphe ('s) to form possessive case;
Examples: Harry's ball, John's brother, etc.
- If the noun is plural and ends in 's',
the possessive case is formed by apostrophe alone;
Examples: Boys' hostel, Horses' race, etc.
- When the noun is plural and does not end in 's', the possessive case is formed by adding apostrophe ('s);
Examples: Men's show, Children's ground, etc.
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Parts of Speech