A conjunction is a word that joins words, phrases, clauses or sentences.

  • Clause:A clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a verb.
  • Phrase:A phrase is a group of words, without both a subject and verb
  • Sentence:A sentence is a group of words which makes a complete sense

Kinds of Conjunction

There are three types of conjunction :

  1. Coordinating conjunction.
  2. Subordinating conjunction.
  3. Correlative conjunction.

Coordinating conjunction

Coordinating conjunctions are used to join words, phrases or independent clauses.

The most commonly used coordinating conjunctions are: For, and, nor, or, yet, so. Some people remember these with acronym FANBOYS.

For examples :

  1. Word + Word: He likes apple and mango.
  2. Phrase + Phrase: She may be in the car or on the bike.
  3. Independent clause + Independent clause: I really want to see the game, but the store is having a huge sale.

Remember: Every independent clause is a sentence by itself.

Subordinating conjunction

Subordinating conjunctions joins subordinate clause (dependent clause) to main clause (Independent clause). The majority of conjunctions are subordinating conjunctions.

Here is a list of a few subordinating conjunctions :

Although, after, because, before, as, how, if, once, since, than, that, though, till, while, where, when, lest, while, etc.


Main or Independent clause: These can stand alone and make their meaning clear.

Subordinate or Dependent clause: These can not stand alone because they can not make their meaning clear.

For example :

You should complete the work, before you go to market.

You should complete the work is an independent clause.
before you go to market is a dependent clause. It depends on main clause to express complete thought.

A subordinating conjunction comes at the beginning of a subordinate clause.

For examples :

  1. She returned home after the sunset.
  2. You will pass if you work hard.
  3. You should complete the work, before you go to market.

Correlative conjunction

Correlative conjunctions appear in pairs: as,

Either........or, Neither.......nor, Both......and, Not only.........but also, Though.........yet, Whether.........or, etc.

Use of correlative conjunctions in sentences :

  1. She is neither rich nor good natured.
  2. Either Mom or Dad will go to England.
  3. He is both a teacher and a singer.
  4. Though he is poor yet he is honest.


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